“Life is movement; stagnation is death” is a citation from a physical educationist, Eugene Sandow. One cannot live healthy and enjoyable life without exercise. Weakness and ill-health is the consequence of absence of natural exercise.
With the advancements taking place in medical science, it was recognized that treatment of certain disorders requires restoration of injured muscles and nerves and that gave rise to the branch of treatment involving physical exercise, known as physiotherapy.
There is a difference between exercise and activity. Both involve voluntary movements of the body but activity involves movements with limited degree aimed at completing certain task. Lesser physical and conscious efforts are needed in activity when it becomes a routine. Exercise involves complete movement of the body covering the full range with objectives of improving tone of muscles, control over the movement of muscles and flexibility. Exercise requires considerable physical efforts with mental concentration.
There are several benefits of taking systematic physical exercise. Most important of the benefits are listed below.
Regular exercise improves utilization of food by the body to improve over all health and fitness. A healthy person usually expresses a sound physique and glowing skin.
Regular exercise tones up the nervous system and blood circulation and hence there is improved flow of blood throughout the body resulting in a sound mental health.
Exercise can prevent or reduce prolapse of internal organs by maintain natural muscular support to them.
Exercise ensures appropriate blood flow to each and every organ of the body, including brain and heart and hence offers resistance to fatigue.
Exercise allows lungs to fully expand and contract resulting in increased capacity of lungs and hence gives protection against respiratory diseases, improves capacity of holding breath, which also makes the act of exercising easier.
Abdominal exercises involve muscles of abdomen and lower abdomen which aids gastric motility enabling elimination intra-intestinal accumulations through defecation.
Exercise improves venous and arterial functions along with the increased capacity of heart and normalizes the rate of heart and thus offers protection from developing hypertension and heart diseases.
Exercise restores and enhances the elasticity of the muscles and also prevents the further damage. As a result muscles and the skin are rendered flexible and the effects of aging i.e. drooping muscles and wrinkles are reduced.
Exercise involves sweating which facilitates the process of detoxification.
Exercise improves quality of blood. Clinical trials have proved that exercise improves hemoglobin levels, renders blood relatively alkaline and lowers total cholesterol with increases in High density lipoproteins and decrease in low density lipoproteins.
Exercise plays an important role in the management of stress related to job or profession by providing recreation, mental relaxation and keeps the body physically and mentally fit.
Exercise relieves the symptoms of chronic fatigue by improving circulation of blood. It relieves tension and allows adequate sleep. Moderate physical exercise in the evening will refresh and recreate.
Exercise imparts physical and mental strength, strengthens will power and self control for harmonious development of body and mind.
Exercise improves the balance hormones in blood and increase beta-endorphins (chemical found in brain which affects the mood and gives a feeling of well being.
Exercise relieves you from feeling of helplessness because it gives you a feeling of some accomplishment in the form of benefit of exercise.